Most nights the sky only looks one way: a black blanket studded with stars. Occasionally, we cannot even see the stars due to clouds that block them. But for some very lucky regions, the sky turns into a bursting display of breathtaking colors once the Sun goes down. Aurora Borealis, more commonly known as the Northern Lights, are colorful lights that flash across the night sky at the Earth’s poles.
Why Does the Aurora Borealis Only Occur at Earth’s Poles?
The radiation from the CME excites atoms in Earth’s atmosphere. The excited atoms experience a huge increase in energy. When the atoms return back to normal energy levels, they release particles of light called photons. Because of this, the dangerous radiation of the Sun gets turned into something beautiful. You can thank Earth’s protective magnetic field for that!
Where Does the Name ‘Aurora Borealis’ Come From?
Did You Know?
Other Great Resources:
What are the Northern Lights?: https://www.highlightskids.com/explore/science-questions/what-are-the-northern-lights
(Video) Understanding Aurorae: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=B7wQxvj_Kss
Aurora Facts by Kiddle: https://kids.kiddle.co/Aurora